In the year 2016, a report from Gartner predicted that the worldwide IT spending would reach $3.5 Trillion by the next year. In 2016, the estimated expense was $3.4 trillion. With the rise in the exponential growth of IT industry, it is essential to improve, streamline and manage IT operations. Automation and orchestration are the two facilitating and managerial practices that an enterprise must include in its software development life cycle (SDLC). Before doing so, it needs to compare them and understand each of their mechanism, scope and applications. It is also necessary to comprehend the differences between IT automation and IT orchestration to consolidate them effectively. The integration helps in making the SDLC a fast, smooth and accurate process.
What is IT Process Automation?
IT process automation (ITPA) is the process of using a single workflow to automate and set up IT tasks. It includes the integration of automation tools, business processes and people. ITPA applications (Microsoft Flow, OpenConnect’s AutoiQ and OnviSource’s ia. Enterprise) aim to remove redundancies by automating repetitive tasks that employees would earlier perform manually. They support automation of cross-system and cross-platform processes without any human intervention. Board of directors and managers can embed decision points in the company’s workflow using ITPA tools. These tools notify the team about critical events that allows them to respond proactively. ITPA is also known by the name of run book automation (RBA).
Benefits of IT Process Automation
- IT process automation (ITPA) allows enterprises to delegate human resources on innovative practices. As ITPA tools automate frequently repeated tasks and methods, employees can focus on provisioning new features to the existing system in the place of focusing on older elements.
- ITPA enables organization to leverage Governance, risk management and compliance (GRC) solution in the local environment. Achieving compliance maintains the integrity, security and reliability of its policies, strategies and business objectives.
- ITPA eliminates the chances of human error, mental fatigue and fat fingers. This way, it initiates accurate and speedy tasks. The accuracy and faster time to market produce more ROI and help businesses in outperforming their competitors.
- ITPA maintains collaboration, cooperation and interaction within the infrastructure of an enterprise. It improves their quality of services, operations and managerial tasks as teams invest their time and energy in strategic and innovative manoeuvres.
What is IT Orchestration?
IT orchestration encompasses automatic allocation, adjustment and administration of IT resources. These resources comprise of computer hardware, software, middleware and all the essential utilities. Orchestration combines multiple automated processes into a single workflow and executes them in their correct precedence. These processes include both individual and cross-system processes that previously needed human intervention. Infrastructure automation tools such as Puppet, Juju and Salt inherit autonomic and intelligent control in various automated tasks. It can also create alignment in the scalable infrastructure of an organization.
Benefits of IT Orchestration
- IT orchestration accumulates and enhances repetitive and frequent processes. It boosts the deployment processes and makes them rigorous and accurate.
- It helps stakeholders in budgeting new technologies and leveraging the culture of advancements, innovations and continuous changes.
- It yields productivity by the standardization of product definition and operations. The consistency and reliability of information help employees in understanding their roles and responsibilities in the development process.
- It provides faster time to market to organizations as it decreases the deployment time by combining IT tasks into workflows. Coherent and clear workflows enable more effective decision making and management.
IT Process Automation vs IT Orchestration – Differences
|IT Process Automation||IT Orchestration|
|1. Automation applies to tasks||Orchestration applies to processes|
|2. Automation fastens repetitive steps||Orchestration eliminates repetitive steps|
|3. Automation handles single task at a time||Orchestration combines multiple operations together.|
|4. Its primary focus is on the speed at which tasks are performed||It mainly focusses on accuracy and streamlining of processes|
|5. It is most beneficial to the development process||It is most helpful to product deployment|
IT automation and IT orchestration combine to provide accuracy, speed and efficiency to various IT tasks and processes. The organization must foster them according to their size, scope and requirements. It caters the need of regulating undertakings and accelerating procedures for small and large businesses.